About the breed
The Chinese writings of the Hong Kong Club "Sharpei Tradition" state that the place of origin of Sharpei is the city of Dali.
Unfortunately, there are no records to reliably explain the origin of this breed. Statues and paintings found in the tombs depict sharpei without excess skin and it seems that in the next period this watchdog begins to develop in two directions: to a larger size and longer hair (here could be crossed with chau chau and other breeds and used for guarding dwellings and herds, hunting deer and bears) and a greater amount of loose skin, where the Sharpei begins to behave and use as a fighting breed. Certain kinship, however, is directed to the Chow-Chow breed. Both could come from an ancient watchdog from the Han Dynasty (2nd century AD), the so-called "Han Dog". The relationship of the two is evidenced by the dark blue language.
Disaster for all dogs in China was the onset of communism to power, when dogs had to virtually disappear from society. As a result of the large famines, many dogs were exterminated in the country. They have become a big competition for a limited supply of food. The Chinese dictator Mao Zedong, who initiated the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution in 1966, achieved the country's turmoil and huge damage to its cultural heritage. Dogs have become useless, food competition and cynology something useless. Sharpei, however, was already on the verge of extinction, and with it were threatened valuable records of his past. Under the rescue of this unique breed is signed by a Chinese breeder, today also judge Matgo Law, who in the seventies searched in the Chinese countryside for the last pieces of sharpei. Especially in Taiwan and around Hong Kong he found and selected individuals capable of breeding on which he founded the re-established breeding of the Shar-Pei breed. In the 1978 Guinness Book of Records, Sharpei is registered as the rarest and most endangered breed in the world, at that time there were only about 60 individuals. Thanks to the resumption of diplomatic relations between the US and China, Sharpei has also reached the American breeders who also participated in the rescue of the Shar-Pei breed. The Americans were moving in a slightly different direction. They did not respect what the Chinese breeders sought, and so somewhat deviated from monochromatic and from the original Chinese standard, which characterized sharpei as well muscled medium dog with short, firm and bristled hair. In America, sharpei became a very profitable commercial article and the quality of health or nature was not taken into account and also the color of these dogs took new forms. China dissociates itself from not respecting the exterior, but the FCI standard no. 309 / 09.08.1999 D recognizes various variants. Thanks to this, today sarpejove so diverse that we can hardly find two dogs of the same type or color.
Nature and use
Sharpei impresses not only by its appearance, but also by its nature. An uninitiated observer would say he was a grim and calm dog. He really treats strangers at times, is distrustful, and doesn't even point to himself.
Folk can be said that sharpei is "fixed self-reliance". She has her head, pretends to think about the command and evaluates the situation - if the command is necessary, current or unnecessary. He learns and understands what is required of basic commands, but he does not execute them on the fly. He is patient, responsive and very sensitive and clean from the puppy. By harsh treatment, his character weakens and may become a suspicious or aggressive individual. The drill team does not fit much, but there are exceptions to the passed working trial (ZZO - Erwin Black Charisma, ZOP - HAKIM XIN Doubravecký vrch). There are also exceptions in coursing (Czech Champion Castlon Crease Pei). Others train agility or dance with a dog. As Sharpei are different in type, they are also different in nature. One discharges its energy wherever possible, the other sleeps all day. Those who do not like changing their habits, however, are much more, but by no means lazy. In general, sharpei of the "sport type" tend to be more alive and there may also be more stubborn individuals among them. He loves his master, his family, and he feels happy when he can keep track of everything.
Sharpei vary in the amount of loose skin and wrinkles on the body. Some have thick skin on the head and lips, others have no flesh and their skin is smoother, without folds. Also hair is different. In the first case it is hard, erect, without undercoat, up to 1 cm long and unpleasantly prickly and hard. The second type of hair is longer - up to 2.5 cm - and should feel like a brush. Shorthaired individuals tend to have a finer body structure and a much smaller head with less fleshy lips. Their skin is usually more wrinkled and generally gives this type of sports impression. They are more lively, charged with energy.Individuals with longer hair tend to be more pudgy with thick skin and less wrinkles. Loose skin is mostly on the dewlap, the head is fleshy and with its strong body makes such a dog smothered and calmer. Sharpei is one of the most colorful dog races. Color of hair is very varied, but monochromatic is standard (except white). The basic colors are: black, brown, red, sand, cream, yellow, blue, apricot, isabel and lilac. But shades are about sixteen. They do not include various variants: from light rusty to mahogany or from light silver to gray-blue with a heavenly touch. Sharpei has 44-51 cm at the withers.
Sharpei does not require any special care, his hair is enough to comb up regularly and, if necessary, wipe with a soft cloth. At the time of molting it is advisable when combing, for example, with a rubber glove to maintain regularity, so that it can grow new hair faster. Some individuals may suffer from a food allergy that is usually caused by wheat in the form of a granular food. Others may be allergic to grass or pollen. This problem is remedied by appropriate food choice or avoiding risk areas. Sharpei is not a dog suitable for pens. Without the company of man and locked in the pen is very suffering. She loves walking, but she still likes her comfort and likes to sleep very much. In the right hands, they are trouble-free dogs. Sharpei is a dog with a big heart, social and calm, but not suitable for everyone. If someone expects constant execution of orders or daily enjoyment at cynology events, they will be disappointed.
Text: Jana Satekova, kennel FROM JAN-HERE-KU